I have examined the final electronic copy of this thesis for form and content and recommend that it be accepted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of master of science, with a major in animal science. Written by alahira jeffrey introduction poor quality feed lead to slow growth in poultry chickens and all other types of domesticated and undomesticated animals. Inputs including the study investigated the cost and returns of poultry production and the factors affecting its productivity in the state. It consists of a vertically integrated broiler industry and a commercial egg industry. It accounts for approximately 90% of total poultry production branckaert 1999. Assessment of factors affecting poultry broiler production.
Since broiler production is a fast growing agricultural business n i. All stages of the production will have an effect on the quality of the meat by their specificity and ultimately lead. Research has generated information and techniques to deal with most of these factors except the climate change in order to maximize production. In the summary you will find the condensed results obtained with methods explained in the expert presentations. Data collected were analysed using descriptive and inferential statistics. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise cambridge core to connect with your account. Factors influencing poultry production among poultry farmers. Evaluating the competitiveness of the south african. In 2009, nearly 145,615 farms were producing poultry. Poultry production challenges, potentials and way forward panlagos 2011 26,565 views.
Analysis of the three risk factors in commercial poultry production in osun state, nigeria. The outcome of the study is to show the profitability level and the branch of the business that is more. Van horn department of dairy and poultry sciences university of florida, gainesville 326110920 introduction overapplication of nutrients to land leads to losses of fertilizer nutrients and is a threat to the environmental standards we want, especially with respect to water quality. Poultry offered a range of uses to human which include. The decline of commercial poultry production has also been attributed to the shortage of doc dayold chicks, poor quality feeds, problems of effective vertinary services and availability of drugs and vaccines, inadequate of capital and requisite technical skills in managing the birds and many other problems that affect poultry production in. Much has been said of the huge genetic development in broilers over the last 5060 years. Having gone to various seminars myself, either as a trainee or a trainer, poultry farming has always been something everyone wants to go into. Nov 17, 2019 nigeria has the highest poultry farms as well as highest participation of people in poultry industry in africa, but in spite of this, various research outcomes have shown that most of these farmers run their farms at very unsustainable profit margins due to lack of technical experience, poor production methods as well as poor management which. External factors affecting the poultry industry the poultry market intelligence forum at ippe addressed outside influences such as animal rights activists there are environmental groups that would like to see the end of animal production and consumption, said hannah thompsonweeman, animal agriculture alliance, during her presentation at the. Factors affecting egg production and layer bird mortality in. Factors affecting the production of poultry meat for. However, over a similar time, the commercial laying hen has been transformed from a seasonal layer into the highly productive modern hybrid we have today. Socioeconomics abstract the study investigated factors affecting poultry farmers in ejigbo local government area of osun state, nigeria. A disease outbreak could result in severe economic losses within the shortest.
Challenges of small poultry farms in layer production in ibadan oyo state nigeria. Factor influencing performance of poultry farming projects. It contains 4850% oil, 2628% protein and 1127 % carbohydrate, minerals and vitamin mukhtar, 2009. The objective of the study were to establish how farm inputs influence poultry production, to determine how socioeconomic. The study assessed the factors affecting poultry broiler production in imo state, nigeria. Analysis of factors affecting food security in rural 56 able to obtain adequate food needed at all times and to be able to utilize the food to meet the bodys needs. The level of poultry disease management is categorized as high, moderate and low, with the low level being the reference category. In nigeria for example, poultry production is one of the major subsectors that provided nigerians with nutrients. Few factors during production and processing affect poultry meat flavour. Factors affecting fertility and hatchability of guinea fowl eggs in nigeria volume 53 issue 3 b.
Economic analysis of backyard poultry farming in akoko. Factors affecting egg production in backyard chicken flocks 3 d3 is substantially more active than d2. Problem and prospects of pig farming agriculture project. Poultry production in nigeria can be classified into extensive and intensive systems based on scale, stock and the extensive production system presently account for about 85%. Factors militating against animal production in nigeria. The results obtained through this crp are encouraging and will certainly help to increase poultry production in general and improve the livelihoods of the rural poor. Poultry production challenges, potentials and way forward. A study of the economics of poultry production in kwara state. Problem and prospects of pig farming abstract the purpose of this study was to investigate problem and prospect of pig farming in ovia north east local government area of edo state four research questions formulated and analyzed. Olayide 1976, showed that increase in livestock production. Poultry business in nigeria poultry farming agriculture. This study investigated the key factors affecting the profitability of poultry egg production in southwest, nigeria. I, bihon kassa abrha, declare that this phd thesis entitled factors affecting agricultural production in tigray region, northern ethiopia is my own work and that all the sources that i have used or quoted have been indicated and acknowledged by means of complete references. Effect of use of poultry manure by nsukka yellow pepper.
Technical efficiency in poultry broiler production in umuahia. The major problem of the poultry production in nigeria is that of low productivity and inefficiency in resource allocation and utilization onyenweaku and effiong, 2006. Table 1 lists the most important external factors that might influence a companys. Proceedings of the 27th annual conference of nigeria society for animal production, march 1721, 2002, federal university of technology, akure, nigeria. Assessment of the nigerian poultry market chain to improve. The poultry industry in nigeria is characterized by high production costs, low profit margins, and high feed bills. Poultry production is an important and diverse component of any country agriculture. Feed ingredients for poultry diets are selected based on a couple of factors continue reading. A multistage sampling procedure was employed to select 360 egg farmers using a structured questionnaire. Watering and feeding is often manual, using troughs or buckets.
It is also a highly competitive industry and feed suppliers, producers, processors, manufacturers of equipment etc. From a market size perspective, nigerias egg production is the largest in africa south africa is the next larg. The importance of poultry production to the national economy cannot be overemphasized, as it has become a popular industry for the small holders that have great contributions to the economy of the country. Eighty three 83 poultry farmers were interviewed to elicit relevant information in line with the objectives of the study. Appearance colour poultry meat colour is affected by factors such as bird age, sex, strain, diet, intramuscular fat, meat moisture content, preslaughter conditions and processing variables. Poultry industry in nigeria economics essays essay sauce.
Poultry production is one of the most promising sources of addition income to family earnings and increase household protein intake and quick return from micro level investment in nigeria. Problems and prospect of rearing poultry agriculture. Structured questionnaire were used in interviewing 80 poultry farmers randomly selected in the study area. Factors affecting poultry meat quality the poultry site. October 18, 2018 ladychampionz posted in agricultural science topics and materials tagged agricultural science topics and materials, egg production, free project topics and materials, investigation, investigation into the problem facing the marketing of poultry egg production, poultry, problem, project topics pdf leave a comment on. In nigeria, the crop is presently grown throughout the country with the exception of the riverine and swampy areas. This is a difficult task, because quality is in the eye of the. The factors affecting the level of poultry disease management are presented in table 6. External factors affecting the poultry industry wattagnet. Thus, for its role in the supply of chickens and eggs, rural poultry production in the country can never be overemphasized. Problems and prospects of poultry production in nigeria. Poultry production has assumed great importance in improving the employment opportunities and animal food production in nigeria.
According to the world organization for animal health, the in cident caused 227,514 cases and 222,780 deaths from 20062007. Nair entitled factors affecting the performance of broilers. Factors affecting the level of poultry disease management. Socioeconomics factors affecting poultry farmers in ejigbo local. In poultry production smallscale poultry production represents one of the few opportunities for saving, investment and security against risks. Protein dietary requirements for protein are actually requirements for the amino acids that constitute the protein. This report titled the structure and importance of the commercial and village based poultry industry in nigeria is prepared for this purpose. Poultry production has provided human with a lot of useful purposes, as poultry products increased immensely in the last decades. Egg production is a normal part of chicken reproduction in healthy, young hens there are many factors that can affect chicken egg production such as nutrition, daylight, and disease.
This paper considers some of the factors affecting the fertility and hatchability of guinea fowl eggs. Multistage sampling technique was used in selecting the respondents. Bringing nonprice effects into the equation andrea e. Economic analysis of backyard poultry farming in akoko north. Frequency distribution and pearson correlation technique were used to analyse the data. In this post we look at the problems and prospects of poultry production in nigeria. Assessment of factors affecting the level of poultry. A questionnairebased study of chicken production system with onfarm biosecurity practices was carried out in commercial poultry farms located in jos, nigeria. Probably in respect of their in interest in egg production and factors that influence the determinant have to be understood. Socioeconomics factors affecting poultry farmers in ejigbo. Other studies by adepoju 1999, hassan 2002 and adebayo and adeola 2005 revealed that, socioeconomic factors affecting poultry production in nigeria cut across age, educational level, input. There will be hands on practical work, visual demonstrations and a manual that will have diagrams, photographs and illustrations. Pdf identifying major factors of poultry production as sustainable. Pdf factors militating against animal production in nigeria.
Assessment of factors affecting the level of poultry disease. Factors affecting fertility and hatchability of guinea fowl eggs in nigeria. These advantages are perhaps the cause of a higher turnover in poultry production at reasonably short period of time in this work more emphasis shall be made specifically to the domestic fowl, which are the major birds for commercial and nutritional importance in ikpoba okha local government of edo state. Pdf socioeconomics factors affecting poultry farmers in ejigbo. Materials and methods the study area is enugu north agricultural zone of enugu state, nigeria. Socioeconomic factors affecting groundnut production. A total of eighty four 84 poultry producers were randomly selected with the aid of wellstructured questionnaire. From a market size perspective, nigeria s egg production is the largest in africa south africa is the next larg. In poultry diets, therefore, vitamin d must be supplied in the form of d3. There are times when poultry meat does not have the expected colour, and this has created some special problems for the poultry industry. Nigeria was the third highest producer of groundnut in the world after china and india with a production of 16,114,231, 6,933,000 and 2,962,760 tons respectively in 2011. The effect of factors such as genotype, sex, age, diet and muscle type on meat processing capabilities such as postmortem ph, soaked, cooked yield, texture and binding of whole and comminuted meat are reported here.
The link between poultry animal production factors and poultry meat processing has not been studied in detail. Poultry production system must be seen as an integrated system, from the hatchery to the food plate itself. Feed ingredients for poultry diets are selected based on a couple of factors. Nigeria has the highest poultry farms as well as highest participation of people in poultry industry in africa, but in spite of this, various research outcomes have shown that most of these farmers run their farms at very unsustainable profit margins due to lack of technical experience, poor production methods as well as poor management which have discouraged. Poultry diseases remain one of the major threats to poultry production in nigeria. Egg production and layer bird mortality data obtained from five different private farms in zaria within the subhumid zone of nigeria, over a 6. Descriptive statistics and inferential statistical tools were used for data analysis. Poultry farmers need to be aware of potential problems that may arise to prevent production losses from your flock and ultimately your egg business. Poultry are raised for their meat and eggs, and are an important source of edible animal protein. These chemical changes are not unique to poultry but the lipids and fats in poultry are unique and combine with odour to account for the characteristic poultry flavour. The study investigated factors affecting poultry farmers in ejigbo local government area of osun state, nigeria. Analysis of backyard poultry production in ondo state, nigeria.
Pdf factors militating against animal production in. Poultry farming business plan in nigeria pdf poultry farming business plan in nigeria latest edition feasibility study and manual. Factors affecting egg production and layer bird mortality. Poultry industry in nigeria economics essays essay sauce free. Doc economic impact of poultry production bad badamasi. Factors that affect egg production in chickens panhandle. Challenges of small poultry farms in layer production in. Identifying major factors of poultry production as sustainable enterprise among farmers using improved methods in rural nigeria. All stages of the production will have an effect on the. Poultry feed is thus feed meant solely for poultry bird production. Factors affecting egg production and layer bird mortality in private poultry farms in the subhumid zone of nigeria. Farms using deep litter and battery cage systems were 69 86. Assessment of the nigerian poultry market chain to improve biosecurity november 2008 v executive summary in response to the outbreak of highly pathogenic avian influenza hpai in nigeria in 2006.
Poultry industry in nigeria economics essays essay. Productivity and technical efficiency of poultry egg production in nigeria. Pdf effects of climate change on poultry production in ondo. Federal university of agriculture abstract the study assessed constraints to increased layers production among smallscale poultry farmers in ibadan area of oyo state nigeria. It could also lead to low egg production, diseases and even death. Factor influencing performance of poultry farming projects in. The zone is located in longitude 1235o 1067o and latitude646o 456o. Nigerian journal of agricultural economics njae volume 31. Poultry production is big business throughout the world. Two production companies control around half of production with. Pdf socioeconomics factors affecting poultry farmers in. Factors affecting egg production in backyard chicken flocks. The respondents were made up of pig farmers ovia north east local government area. Poultry production is an important agricultural activity usually carries out in all rural communities in africa and.
Eighty three 83 poultry farmers were interviewed to elicit relevant information in line with the. During the last few years, poultry production has greatly developed. Feeding process then is a very important factor upon. Before poultry meat quality is addressed, the term quality should be clearly defined as it relates to poultry. Main factors that affect the economic efficiency of broiler. Poultry have a significant effect on national economy. Assessment of the nigerian poultry market chain to improve biosecurity paolo pagani. Most commercial broiler production is in 10 of the northern parishes. Poultry production and reproduction are affected by various factors such as, feeding, management, disease control, stock density, housing, climate, sire effect, hatch effect, etc. Appraisal of chicken production with associated biosecurity. Poultry farming is possible in widely different agroclimate environment national commission on agriculture.1558 897 1211 610 1208 1490 1602 49 1207 1030 310 364 948 334 1172 819 131 1591 690 879 1620 1077 1338 486 34 254 1110 176 607 960 257 600 1337 1008 1003 1300 1548 409 430 1190 944 236 123 289 327 570