Major and minor scales are variations of the diatonic scale, which is a musical scale built with intervals of 5 whole steps and 2 half steps. Its not really a method book its very concise and economical with words but i. Each of the eight notes in a minor scale has a name. The natural minor scale is often referred to simply as the minor scale. Contrary to the major scale, there are not one but three minor scales, which all will be presented here. In this case, the minor and major scales have the same number of tones. The complete book of scales, chords, arpeggios and cadences. The same could be said for e minor and g major, b minor and d major etc. What makes a scale major or minor depends on which notes these half steps affect. Free printable pdf downloads with notes and fingerings for scales in every key. Print and learn to play piano scales in major and minor as well as in other interesting modes, in the lessons below. From each key on the piano you can start either a major or a minor scale.
The natural minor scale uses the following ascending stepwise pattern. How to form major pentatonic scales on piano one way of forming the pentatonic is to use the following formula after picking the starting note of the scale. Scales patterns and improvs book 1 hal leon ard student. It has a good number of musically relevant and useful repetitive pattern exercises, plus all the scales major, minor, chromatic, you name it and arpeggios, complete with fingering. Harmonic minor 12 blues scales on i, ii, v mixolydian, b6 on v melodic minor, 5th mode. Scale, chord, arpeggio and cadence studies in all major and minor keys presented in a convenient twopage format. The harmonic minor scale is one of three minor scales. With standard notation, fingerings, chord names and introductory text. A diatonic scale is one that has no added sharps or flats other than what is in the key signature the scale s interval pattern could be played using only the white keys on the piano. Piano professor, damon ferrante guides you through 140 stepbystep lessons for beginner to advanced levels and 30 streaming video lessons. Alfreds basic adult allinone piano course level 2 alfreds basic adult. It also surprised me slightly that the major and minor scales for a particular note are introduced together. Each scale has a pattern that identifies it as a type of scale we refer to as major, minor, blues, gospel, whole tone, and so forth.
The minor scale uses the wh wwh ww pattern of intervals wholehalfwholewholehalfwholewhole you flat the 3rd note, the 6th note, and 7th note of the major scale and the wh wwh ww minor scale pattern is. Diatonic scales are the major scales, natural minor scales not the harmonic or melodic, because they add sharps. Wholehalfwholewholehalfwholewhole or whwwhww sure, it may look similar to the major scale pattern, but make no mistake, this slight rearrangement of half and. I am also a flute beginner, play some recorder, and now im having a. We use the scales to improvise jazz over the iivi chord progression. Label the scale degrees of the major pentatonic scales. Note that a minor pentatonic has identical notes with c major pentatonic but in different order. Simply choose the tonic starting tone or root of the scale, press the play button for either the major or minor scale, and observe which notes are. They arent easy to make, so i was really dreading it. Learning these three scales in the key of a is a crucial step towards knowing how minor scales for piano work, but dont stop here. Answers on page 7 a closer look at the major and minor pentatonic scales in the traditional ionian major and aeolian natural minor scales, there exists a tritone augmented 4 th diminished 5 th between the 4 th and 7 th. They are the pure or natural minor scale, harmonic minor scale and the melodic minor scale. My new book, piano scales made simple, will help you with. But minor scales have their own, unique scale patterns.
Piano scale fingerings is a workbook designed to teach you the physical positioning of fingers for all the major and harmonic minor scales used with the key signatures. You can use the piano keyboard below to see examples of any major or minor scale. The eight notes in a scale with the first and last notes an. I needed to update some things under the hood, so i took the opportunity to make some more changes including remaking the one octave and twooctave scales. The complete book of scales, chords, arpeggios and. Free piano scale fingering diagrams music matters blog. Scale, chord, arpeggio and cadence studies in all major and minor keys presented in. Picture scales in all keys susan paradis piano teaching. My new book, piano scales made simple, will help you with your scales. The black keys on your piano are pentatonic and theyre in the key of g flat and its relative minor, e flat minor. The harmonized chords in the minor harmonic c scale are. How to play and practice scales and arpeggios for pianists. In major scales, half steps appear after the 3 rd and 7 th notes.
Further down the page youll find four additional natural minor patterns and tabs. A minor and c major are relative, meaning their scales share the same notes and pattern. Scales, arpeggios and cadences, two octaves margaret denton, piano major scales, arpeggios, and cadences, 2 octaves these scales are arranged pianistically by groups according to fingering patterns to facilitate memorization harmonic form of the minor scale is shown. This is a visual aid to help you get over the hurdle of positioning your fingers when you get into all those other scales using the black keys. This is my favorite way to look at learning scales because you have a set of half h, whole w, or minor third m3 steps which define the scales. Make it your goal to be able to play minor scales in every key in music. The two notes removed are the 2nd and 6th intervals. Piano scale patterns which scale pattern for piano to consider. Printable partner pages for scale and chord book 1. In piano scales, two main scales are the major and minor scales.
However, most piano and guitar players learn chords along with scales almost. This book and video course is all that you will ever need for learning piano chords, scales, arpeggios, how to read music, and basic music theory. Major, natural pure minor, harmonic minor, melodic minor and chromatic scales. Apr 07, 2014 major, natural pure minor, harmonic minor, melodic minor and chromatic scales. Scales, patterns and improvs book 1 provides elementarylevel students with a valuable resource for building technique through fivefinger patterns, iv7i chords and arpeggios in all major and minor keys. Natural minor scales follow the interval pattern of whwwhww, which translates into whole step half step whole step whole step half step whole step whole step. The first note and last in the scale determines the scale name. Since pentatonic scales contain 5 notes, we need to remove two from the minor scale in order to get the minor pentatonic. Among all the scales and arpeggios, major and minor ones are a good place to start. Download our piano scale finger charts for the major scale, harmonic minor scale and more. There are both pentatonic major and minor the minor is slightly more often used. I am also a flute beginner, play some recorder, and now im having a go t electric bass. Ive finally finished remaking all of the picture scales.
This means the formula for the minor pentatonic scale is made up of the 1st root, 3rd. In the harmonic and melodic minor scales, the 7th degree is called the leading tone. Building piano scales major, minor, etc in all keys. The main scales of western music are major and minor scales. You may just be helping me get an a in my piano class. All 12 major scales share the same pattern of whole and half steps between the notes. The major scale or ionian scale is one of the most commonly used musical scales, especially in western music. Piano scale patterns which scale pattern for piano to. However, using the common right hand fingering of 12345 can cause future confusion when you eventually change to the 12312345 fingering to facilitate an octave scale. Switching between minor scales number pattern piano. I was running between computer and keyboard, for difficult scales like bb minor. The harmonic minor differs from the natural minor by the sharpened seventh note, and this minor scale is consequently not played in the same. Musicians use the pianos keyboard to do everything from creating the frameworks of great symphonic works down to writing melodies for the choruses of simple pop songs.
See more ideas about piano, piano scales, piano lessons. Natural minor scales are synonymous with aeolian scales with the same tonic notes e. Basically, each of the twelve notes in an octave c, csharp, d, dsharp, e, f, fsharp, g, gsharp, a, asharp, and b can be the beginning of a scale, and the scale is named by the beginning note. Harmonic minor 12 blues scales on i, ii, v mixolydian, b6 on v melodic minor, 5th mode 14 locrian on vi major, 7th mode.
The difference between the major and minor scales is the pattern of the whole steps and half steps. Every scale determines a key,that is an harmonic combunation of tones based on that scale. If you make a purchase via a link on this site, i may receive a small commission on the transaction at no added cost to you. Find all the books, read about the author, and more. The most common scales when playing the piano, are major and minor scales. The minor scale uses the wh wwh ww pattern of intervals. Learn 3 minor scale patterns easily, without reading notes in this video lesson tutorial for beginners. These differ from the major scale and from one another because of the order of the tones and semitones. Get to know the sound of the natural minor scale by playing the pattern below. Its not really a method book its very concise and economical with words but i find it very useful.
The augmented chord eb aug results from the fact, in order for the 5th of the bb chord to fit the scale, the 5th has to be augmented the resulting pattern applies to all harmonic minor scales. The minor scale it is said that the root of music theory can be seen by playing the major scale in the key of c on the piano only the white keys from c to c and every major scale has a relative minor scale as seen when looking at the circle of fifths. The pentatonic scale, major and minor free piano lessons. So the third is always lowered in comparison to the major scale. Aeolian is also called natural minor, pure minor, relative minor and parallel minor. You might find it easiest to see these relative roots as three frets apart. Wait with the practice of digital patterns until your major and harmonic minor scales playing is well established, and you have worked through all fluency exercises of this course. There are 3 groups and its easier to learn a particular finger pattern and apply it to the group rather than learn each scale separately. Dec 31, 2017 learning these three scales in the key of a is a crucial step towards knowing how minor scales for piano work, but dont stop here.
Playing 5finger scales has significant value for earlylevel pianists. Includes an indepth 12 page explanation that leads to complete understanding of the fundamentals of major and minor scales, chords, arpeggios and cadences plus a clear explanation of scale degrees and a twopage guide to fingering the scales and arpeggios. Then notate its relative minor scale and its scale degrees. And the only way to do that is to have the patterns of each minor scales unique whole and halfstep signature memorized perfectly. Major and minor scales with chords and patterns is one of the few books. To create a minor scale in any key, begin on the tonic of the key, and add scale tones according to this pattern. I am a voice student, and can play piano somewhat by ear, but have been getting tripped up on the melodic minor scales. The other two are the natural minor and the melodic minor. We locate and order all the 7 modes in a simple circular system. Students apply these basic skills through improv exercises and reading pieces in every key. Dec 08, 2019 since pentatonic scales contain 5 notes, we need to remove two from the minor scale in order to get the minor pentatonic.
D minor pentatonic has the same notes as f major pentatonic and so. Includes an indepth explanation that leads to complete understanding of the. Scale groups group 1 is the trickiest to read but dont be put off these 3 are very comfortable and the visual patterns of the keyboard is quite simple to remember. Musicians use the pianos keyboard to do everything from creating the frameworks of great symphonic works down. Along with the major scale, there are three types of minor scales called the natural, harmonic and melodic minor scales. All minor scales have a half step between the 2nd and the 3rd of that scalekey that is the pattern and what you feelhear as minor when you play a 3 note simple chord with the rootthirdfifth.
Examples of whole steps are the distance between c and d, d and e, e and f sharp, and b flat and c. Aug 30, 2019 natural minor scales are synonymous with aeolian scales with the same tonic notes e. Scales, chords, and more the piano is an instrument capable of producing an impressive variety functions within music. List of all natural minor scales piano music theory. A good way to introduce your young piano students to scales is by beginning with pentascales the first 5 notes of the scale. Expand your skills with major and minor scales by performing them along with. Then include the digital patterns in your fluency practice segment. The sound of the harmonic scale is somewhat characterized by the music of the middle east. I think it wold be great if you would publish a book on scales, chords, and arpeggios with your diagrams. This is a resource with free piano lessons and printable scale charts for beginners. The pentatonic scale is frequently used in lots of popular music styles.